We participated in the realization of a solar energy concentration system that includes a duct to absorb solar radiation and the passage of a cooling liquid, a plurality of parabolic mirrors, and an absorption tube to reflect a portion of the incident solar radiation.
A solar concentration device or CSP (Concentrating Solar Power) converts solar radiation into thermal energy through a concentrator formed by reflective surfaces that directs the sun's rays to a receiver.
Inside the receiver flows a fluid that produces thermal energy which is then transformed into electricity.
The concentrator and receiver form the so-called solar collector, equipped with a tracking system that follows the observable motion of the sun.
The ability to regulate energy collection is a unique feature of CSP technology that makes it particularly advantageous compared to other renewable energies.
The first large-scale solar power plants (up to 354 MW) were designed in the California Mojave Desert.
Areas where concentrating plants can be produced must present specific territorial and climatic characteristics. For example, one km² of land must be capable of producing 100-130 GW/h of solar electricity in one year. Not only the United States, but also the southern part of Europe - Italy and Sardinia - North Africa, the Middle East, China and Australia are areas suitable for the installation of these power plants.